Lifespan Development: A Psychological Perspective by Martha Lally, Suzanne Valentine-French. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use.
The fact that the term puberty encompasses such a broad range of domains illustrates the multidimensionality component of development (think back to the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial domains of human development we discussed earlier in this module). He believed that thinking is a central aspect of development and that children are naturally inquisitive.
In many parts of the world, one’s identity is determined by family status or society’s dictates. (Some cohort labels popularized in the media for generations in the United States include Baby Boomers, Generation X, Millennials, and Generation Z.). Both congenitally blind adults and sighted adults could locate a sound presented in front of them with precision but people who are blind were clearly superior in locating sounds presented laterally. What types of activities could be implemented to help the children of your community or a neighboring community? You can view the transcript for “Generations Throughout History” here (opens in new window). Catalano, R., Berglund, L., Ryan, J., Lonczak, H., & Hawkins, D. (2002). Influenced by evolutionary perspectives, neofunctionalism, and contextualism, lifespan psychology defines development as selective age-related change in adaptive capacity (Baltes 1997 ). Many diverse patterns of change, such as direction, timing, and order, can vary among individuals and affect the ways in which they develop. Originally published in 1921, the book is intended for the beginner. As an example, recently researchers have been analyzing how other senses compensate for the loss of vision in blind individuals.
The acquisition of effective self-regulation in adolescents illustrates this gain/loss concept. This requires the sacrificing of other functions, a process known as selective optimization with compensation. Lifelong development means that development is not completed in infancy or childhood or at any specific age; it encompasses the entire lifespan, from conception to death. Learn about our remote access options, Department of Psychology, Western Connecticut State University. As adolescents gain the ability to effectively regulate their actions, they may be forced to sacrifice other features to selectively optimize their reactions. Culture teaches us how to live in a society and allows us to advance because each new generation can benefit from the solutions found and passed down from previous generations. Interventions must be conducted with the needs and preferences of the participants kept in mind, however the individuals’ choice, values, and culture must always be considered. Lifespan development involves the exploration of biological, cognitive, and psychosocial changes and constancies that occur throughout the entire course of life. By multidimensionality, Baltes is referring to the fact that a complex interplay of factors influence development across the lifespan, including biological, cognitive, and socioemotional changes. Figure 2. This is an OER (open resources) textbook that is available on Blackboard at no cost to the student.
The dimensions of cognitive decline are partially reversible, however, because the brain retains the lifelong capacity for plasticity and reorganization of cortical tissue. It has been presented as a theoretical perspective, proposing several fundamental, theoretical, and methodological principles about the nature of human development. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, During childhood, individuals have difficulty effectively regulating their actions and impulsive behaviors.
I wrote this book to help students organize their thinking about psychology at a conceptual level. This would not be remarkable, of course, except for one startling fact: Elizabeth Adeney was 66 years old at the time of her child’s delivery.
This belief clearly emphasizes that all stages of the lifespan contribute to the regulation of the nature of human development.
Baltes, P. (1987).