The last years of his rule were marked by a revolt of the cities and the Western Schism. His other royal title was King of Jerusalem by virtue of marriage and his connection with the Sixth Crusade. Conrad was the first of the Salian dynasty of Emperors. As such, he was King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He was a son of Emperor Francis I and his wife, Empress Maria Theresa, thus the brother of Marie Antoinette. Ferdinand II (9 July 1578 – 15 February 1637), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor (1619–1637), King of Bohemia (1617–1619, 1620–1637), and King of Hungary (1618–1625). He was the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I from his third wife, Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. During the civil war, Frederick's relationship with Conrad III, become decreased within the years, as well he doesn't supported Conrad succeeded to the imperial throne in 1249. This is a list specifically dedicated to all the Holy Roman Emperors in this TL. Matthias (24 February 1557 – 20 March 1619), a member of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of Bohemia from 1611. Returning to Rome in 1001, Otto III faced a rebellion by the Roman aristocracy, which forced him to flee the city.
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. On 8 September 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary and Croatia in the Hungarian capital Pressburg (Pozsony in Hungarian; now Bratislava, Slovakia). Most Holy Roman Emperors were also Kings of Germany, and this is noted next to them also. Only nine noble dynasties produced Holy Roman Emperors in nearly nine centuries. From an autocracy in Carolingian times (AD 800–924) the title by the 13th century evolved into an elective monarchy, with the emperor chosen by the prince-electors. Copyright © worldhistoryonline.org 2011-2012, Otto the Great (King of the Romans 936-973, Holy Roman Emperor from 962), Otto II (crowned Joined Holy Roman Emperor in 967, sole Emperor 973-983), Otto III (King of the Romans 983-1002, Holy Roman Emperor from 996), Henry II (King of the Romans 1002-1024, Holy Roman Emperor from 1014), Conrad II (King of the Romans 1024-1039, Holy Roman Emperor from 1027), Henry III (King of the Romans 1028-1056, Holy Roman Emperor from 1046), Henry IV (King of the Romans 1056-1106, Holy Roman Emperor from 1084), Henry V (King of Romans 1099-1125, Holy Roman Emperor from 1111), Lothair III (King of the Romans 1125-1137, Holy Roman Emperor from 1133), Frederick I Barbarossa (King of the Romans 1152-1190, Holy Roman Emperor from 1155), Henry VI (King of the Romans 1190-1197, Holy Roman Emperor from 1191), Otto IV (King of the Romans 1198-1214, Emperor 1209-1215), Frederick II (King of the Romans 1212-1250, Holy Roman Emperor from 1220), Henry VII (King of the Romans 1308-1313, Holy Roman Emperor from 1312), Louis IV (King of the Romans 1314-1347, Holy Roman Emperor from 1328), Charles IV (King of the Romans 1346-1378, Holy Roman Emperor from 1355), Sigismund (King of the Romans 1410-1437, Holy Roman Emperor from 1433), Frederick III (King of the Romans 1440-1493, Holy Roman Emperor from 1452), Maximilian I (King of the Romans 1486-1519, Holy Roman Emperor from 1493), Richard Arkwright - The Father of the Modern Factory System.
Elected Holy Roman Emperor in 1658, Leopold would rule as such until his death in 1705. Joseph was crowned King of Hungary at the age of nine in 1687, and King in Germany at the age of eleven in 1690. He was the heir of three of Europe's leading dynasties, the House of Habsburg of the Habsburg Monarchy, the House of Valois-Burgundy of the Burgundian Netherlands, and the House of Trastámara of the Crowns of Castile and Aragon. Viewing himself as a direct successor to the Roman Emperors of Antiquity, he was Emperor of the Romans from his papal coronation in 1220 until his death; he was also a claimant to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. Traditional historiography assumes a continuity between the Carolingian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, while a modern convention takes the coronation of Otto I in 962 as the starting point of the Holy Roman Empire (although the term Sacrum Imperium Romanum was not in use before the 13th century). Svealand Otto III was crowned as King of Germany in 983 at the age of three, shortly after his father's death in southern Italy while campaigning against the Byzantine Empire and the Emirate of Sicily. This reduced the various dukes, who had previously been co-equals with the king, into royal subjects under his authority. The Imperial crown went to his brother Ferdinand I who was elected King of the Romans in 1531.
Agnes of Poitou, Agnes of Aquitaine or Empress Agnes (c. 1025 – 14 December 1077) was Holy Roman Empress and regent of the Holy Roman Empire from 1056 to 1062. However, the first “Holy” Roman Emperor was technically Frederick I Barbarossa (ruled 1155-1190) because the term sanctum (i.e. For his personal holiness and efforts to support the Church, Pope Bl. This includes the most prominent holy roman emperors, living and dead, both in America and abroad. Vinland He played a vital role in raising the Habsburg dynasty to a leading position among the Imperial feudal dynasties.