The city was briefly renamed Augusta Antonina in the early 3rd century AD by the Emperor Septimius Severus (193–211), who razed the city to the ground in 196 for supporting a rival contender in the civil war and had it rebuilt in honour of his son Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (who succeeded him as Emperor), popularly known as Caracalla. It was from Constantinople that his expedition for the reconquest of the former Diocese of Africa set sail on or about 21 June 533.

[54] However, following the death of an Emperor, they became known also for plunder in the Imperial palaces. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. He removed Theodora from the Great Palace to the Carian Palace and later to the monastery of Gastria, but, after the death of Bardas, she was released to live in the palace of St Mamas; she also had a rural residence at the Anthemian Palace, where Michael was assassinated in 867.
Then the two of them slipped away with many of the nobility and embarked for Asia. According to Zaruhi Galemkearian's autobiography, she was told to write about women's place in the family and home after she published two volumes of poetry in the 1890s. [90], The city provided a defence for the eastern provinces of the old Roman Empire against the barbarian invasions of the 5th century. Simultaneously, the Persian Sassanids overwhelmed the Prefecture of the East and penetrated deep into Anatolia.

"Largest cities through history." Acontecimientos en la legislación patrimonial a nivel internacional, Marco histórico conceptual de la gestión de los recursos públicos, MODELOS EDUCATIVOS IMPLEMENTADOS EN MÉXICO DE ACUERDO AL SEM.

[48], In the early 7th century, the Avars and later the Bulgars overwhelmed much of the Balkans, threatening Constantinople with attack from the west. Although it did have senators, they held the title clarus, not clarissimus, like those of Rome. At last these disorders took the form of a major rebellion of 532, known as the "Nika" riots (from the battle-cry of "Conquer!"

While his son Constantine V was equally successful, his grandson Leo IV, initially a moderate iconoclast, died shortly after assuming power, leaving the incompetent Constantine VI and his mother and regent Irene in power. Basil I (867- 886 CE), the Macedonian (although he had never set foot in Macedonia), saw a city and empire that has fallen into disrepair and set about a massive rebuilding program: Stone replaced wood, mosaics were restored, churches as well as a new imperial palace were constructed, and lastly, considerable lost territory was recovered. [27] Apart from this, little is known about this initial settlement. Under the Comnenian dynasty (1081–1185), Byzantium staged a remarkable recovery. [29] A farsighted treaty with the emergent power of Rome in c. 150 BC which stipulated tribute in exchange for independent status allowed it to enter Roman rule unscathed.

For its predecessor in Greek and early Roman times, see, "Constantinopolis" and "Konstantinopolis" redirect here.