It is a long apprenticeship before he is assigned to be a main puppeteer (主使い omo-zukai).

Located to the side of the stage the tayu physically demonstrates facial expressions of each character while performing their respective voices. The blinded screens are just above these small curtains, and they have special blinds made from bamboo so that the audience cannot see inside. In a screened-off room at stage right, there are members of hayashi, or orchestra, that play music to accompany the performance.Such music could include the sounds of wind, rain, and the flowing of a river. The musician's stage-Yuka This is the auxiliary stage upon which the gidayu-bushi is performed. Kanjuro is one of Japan’s best-known bunraku performers, but he still worries about securing young talent. It is a rare pursuit for a bunraku puppeteer. Nearly 30 sixth graders took part in recent classes, with children practicing their puppetry in a gymnasium amid scorching heat, as Kanjuro instructed them. [9], This is the auxiliary stage upon which the gidayu-bushi is performed. Long material is draped over the front and back of the shoulder board, followed by the attachment of cloth. In bunraku, prior to the performance, the chanter holds up the text and bows before it, promising to follow it faithfully. The second partition is designed to conceal the lower body of the main puppeteer and left-arm puppeteer. [4][5], The preparation of the hair constitutes an art in and of itself. However, in a culture like that of Japan, which privileges seniority, the system can also be considered a mechanism to manage competition among artistic egos and provide for a balance among the demographics of the puppeteers in a troupe in order to fill each role. Tiny airborne particles may pose a big coronavirus problem, Why local communities are important to the future of Japan's ailing tourism industry, Painting with an airbrush: Meet contemporary ukiyo-e artist Masumi Ishikawa, [Bonus episode] The making of the Walkman, Directory of who’s who in the world of business in Japan.
The joshiki-maku is a large, low hanging curtain hanging off of a ledge called the san-n-tesuri. The kugutsu-mawashi were itinerants and as a result were treated as outcasts by the educated, richer class of Japanese society at the time. With the second partition, a puppet is seen to walk firmly on the ground, while the audience knows that it is carried by puppeteers and its legs are moved by the leg-manipulator. It is here that the chanter and the shamisen player make their appearance, and, when they are finished, it turns once more, bringing them backstage and placing the next performers on the stage.[10]. Japan is paying firms to make things at home. Like everyone else, he started with the puppets’ feet, then moved on to the left hand. Audiences do not know who you are and the applause goes to the main puppeteer,” he said, referring to operating the limbs. This is also done to maximize the emotional aspects for the audience.