To install click the Add extension button. [20], The Republic of Cyprus states that between 21 December 1963 and 10 August 1964, 191 Turkish Cypriots were killed and 173 went missing, presumed killed, while Greek Cypriots suffered 133 killed and 41 missing, presumed killed. /* 728x90, created 7/15/08 */ The incident at Ayios Vasilios is described in the Special News Bulletin, issues 6, 19, 20, 21, 25 and 38. google_ad_height = 90; [34] This has been used by the Republic of Cyprus to legitimise human rights violations against Turkish Cypriots, the suspension of their political rights, and, until 2003, the exclusion of Turkish Cypriots from the framing of the missing people by the Republic of Cyprus. On 22 December, the funerals of the two Turkish Cypriots killed were held without incident. Bloody Christmas (Turkish: Kanlı Noel) is the outbreak of the tension between the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots on the night between 20–21 December 1963 and the subsequent period of island-wide violence. The violence precipitated the end of Turkish Cypriot representation in the Republic of Cyprus. The displacement amounted to a quarter of the Turkish Cypriot population. [29] It is also often considered to contribute to reflections that the island of Cyprus is still divided more than 50 years later, which is a constant reminder to both sides that there has hardly been any joint communal achievement since, and is therefore seen by many as a time for reflection and trying to find a solution for future generations.[30]. "Does the President have memory problems? When the police officers attempted to search the women in the car, the driver objected and an argument ensued. An investigation of the incident by a "highly reliable" Greek Cypriot source found that three Turkish Cypriots died, of which one died of a heart attack and the other two were shot by a "lone psychopath". Cars full of armed Greek Cypriots roamed through the streets of Nicosia and fired indiscriminately, and Turkish Cypriots fired at patrolling police cars. [18], As Cyprus was falling into havoc, Greece, Turkey and Britain, with Makarios's approval, created a Joint Truce Force under the command of General Peter Young, whose goal was to maintain, or rather re-establish, law, order and peace in Cyprus. As part our commitment to scholarly and academic excellence, all articles receive editorial review. Turkish Cypriot snipers fired from minarets and the roof of the Saray Hotel on Sarayönü Square. Our story begins around the fourth day of what might be described as the ‘Makarios Purges’ which began in this area around December 18th 1963. [6], The Republic of Cyprus was established as a bi-communal unitary state in 1960.