As part of his preoccupation with immortality and posterity, Hadrian penned his own memoirs. He had become the favourite of Hadrian by 128, when he was taken on a tour of the Empire as part of Hadrian's personal retinue. One possibility is that he was murdered by a conspiracy at court.

He was also the author of a large work on Fidei commissa (Testamentary Trusts).

Thanks for the tip on “The Hothouse Society”.

Telemachus: Odysseus leaves for Troy shortly after his son Telemachus is born. [22] Although none survive, it is known that Hadrian wrote both an autobiography and erotic poetry about his boy favourites; it is therefore likely that he wrote about Antinous. The Prince of Ithaca despises the suitors as they despise him.

What he fails to mention is how he smashed the heads of several crew members and ate them for dinner.

I read the Speller book when it came out, and you’re right; it doesn’t really hang together although she does make some interesting points. Antinous treated Odysseus wrong by throwing a chair at him. [53], Antinous was understood differently by his various worshippers, in part due to regional and cultural variation. "Lament for Antinoüs", translation by Stephen Cohn.[112]. Odysseus: King of Ithaca–Odysseus displays the essential traits of an epic hero: strength, nobility, confidence, courage, and the love of glory.He gains fame through his intellect and cunning, using both to help the Greek army destroy Troy.

Antinous was a young Greek of extraordinary beauty from Bithynia, who became the beloved companion or lover of the Roman emperor Hadrian but later died in Nile under mysterious circumstances. He mitigated the use of torture in examining slaves by certain limitations.

Thus he prohibited the application of torture to children under fourteen years, though this rule had exceptions. We will never know whether Hadrian would have chosen Antinous to succeed him. Hadrian came across Antinous while he was on a trip to Bithynia.

Antoninus Pius (/ ˌ æ n t ə ˈ n aɪ n ə s ˈ p aɪ ə s /; Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius; 19 September 86 – 7 March 161) was Roman emperor from 138 to 161.

[75], At least 28 temples were constructed for the worship of Antinous throughout the Empire, although most were fairly modest in design; those at Tarsos, Philadelphia, and Lanuvium consisted of a four-column portico. He started nibbling on dry bread to give him the strength to stay awake through his morning receptions. Some historians have suggested that Hadrian’s anti-Semitism was a product of his Hellenist tendencies. Other opinions cited suggest "Antoninus" was. But seriously, the idea of Christ, or Christos, had its origins in Platonic gnostic cults that had been around in some form for at least a couple of hundred years prior to the ministry of the pharisee Jeshua (Joshua) — who himself was posthumously Helenised by disaffected Grecophone Jew Saul of Tarsus in the process of inventing Christianity.

Instead of exaggerating into treason whatever was susceptible of unfavorable interpretation, he turned the very conspiracies that were formed against him into opportunities for demonstrating his clemency. His muscularity (an Army man, he could march 20 miles a day and “would withstand all elements his head uncovered”). [27] It was in Athens in September 128 that they attended the annual celebrations of the Great Mysteries of Eleusis, where Hadrian was initiated into the position of epoptes in the Telesterion. No emperor since Augustus better appreciated the Mediterranean boundaries of the empire than Hadrian, which is why upon assuming the Purple he relinquished Trajan’s Babylonian and Armenian conquests.

He was one of the Five Good Emperors in the Nerva–Antonine dynasty. Although many of the sculptures are instantly recognizable, some offer significant variation in terms of the suppleness and sensuality of the pose and features versus the rigidity and typical masculinity. [43] The deification of human beings was not uncommon in the Classical world.

[80], The res privata lands could be sold and/or given away, while the patrimonium properties were regarded as public. A column was dedicated to Antoninus on the Campus Martius,[13] and the temple he had built in the Forum in 141 to his deified wife Faustina was rededicated to the deified Faustina and the deified Antoninus. Image by VIVIANE MONCONDUIT from Pixabay. – 1643 C.E. [89], During the struggles between Christians and pagans in Rome during the 4th century, Antinous was championed by members of the latter. [107] He ate Alpine Gruyere cheese at dinner quite greedily. Perhaps this is why some whispered at the time that Hadrian had either killed Antinous himself, or persuaded the lad to take his own life, in a form of human sacrifice to grant Hadrian immortality.