, According to the U.S. Department of State's 2007 International Religious Freedom Report, 'the last credible census was taken in the 1980s', and the religious demographics had to be estimated. Largest Cities in Albania CITY NAME
Christianity probably reached Kosovo in the 5th century as the Roman Empire gradually split into a Greek East and Latin West. Although the Ottomans did not force the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christian population to convert to Islam, there was strong social pressure (such as not having to pay the jizya) as well as political expediency to do so, which ethnic Albanians did in far greater numbers (including the entire nobility) than Serbs, Greeks and others in the region. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Complex tax codes and licensing requirements, a weak judicial system, endemic corruption, poor enforcement of contracts and property issues, and antiquated infrastructure contribute to Albania's poor business environment making attracting foreign investment difficult. The country continues to face high public debt, exceeding its former statutory limit of 60% of GDP in 2013 and reaching 72% in 2016. note: data are in 2017 dollars; unreported output may be as large as 50% of official GDP, note: these official rates may not include those working at near-subsistence farming, Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north, mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter, mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast, petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land, a fairly even distribution, with somewhat higher concentrations of people in the western and central parts of the country, destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought, deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents; air pollution from industrial and power plants; loss of biodiversity due to lack of resources for sound environmental management, strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea), Albanian 82.6%, Greek 0.9%, other 1% (including Vlach, Romani, Macedonian, Montenegrin, and Egyptian), unspecified 15.5%, Albanian 98.8% (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Romani, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1%, Muslim 56.7%, Roman Catholic 10%, Orthodox 6.8%, atheist 2.5%, Bektashi (a Sufi order) 2.1%, other 5.7%, unspecified 16.2%. Therefore, they are not represented in the census.  In 1219, the Serbian Orthodox Church split from the Greek Orthodox Church, and Greek bishops were expelled from Kosovo. In 1346, the archbishop of Peć assumed the title of patriarch. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and in June 2014 became an EUÂ candidate. Religion in Kosovo is separated from the state.
International law organization participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction. Encarta-encyclopedie Winkler Prins (1993–2002) s.v. The pace of conversions to Islam only increased significantly in the second half of the sixteenth century, possibly because converts thus became exempt from the cizje, a tax levied only on non-Muslims. Religions: Muslim 56.7%, Roman Catholic 10%, Orthodox 6.8%, atheist 2.5%, Bektashi (a Sufi order) 2.1%, other 5.7%, unspecified 16.2% (2011 est.)