Universal access is therefore at the point of time of entry to a course of study. Cultural norms could influence girls to prepare for their expected role of keeping a home and nurturing children, though such norms are less stringently enforced than in the past. Research in the field of higher education has identified many positive economic and noneconomic returns to college participation, but has also revealed racial, ethnic, and class disparities in higher education access, persistence, and achievement.

Finally, summer enrichment presents gifted students with extra material above and beyond the standard curriculum. Surveys suggest that the most common motivations for homeschooling are concern about the school environment (e.g., safety, drugs, or negative peer pressure), a desire to provide religious or moral instruction, and dissatisfaction with academic instruction at other schools. Acceleration programs may compact curriculum or allow students to self-pace. The collection of sensitive student data by education technology companies can lead to serious problems.

Homeschooling is the education of children at home rather than in the setting of a school. However, critics feel that overuse and misuse of these tests harms teaching and learning by narrowing the curriculum. School structure, curriculum, and size may increase the exposure of students to academic risk factors. John Dewey suggested that effective education poses problems and puzzles that motivate children to learn.

Notably, however, the achievement gap between white vs. black and hispanic students has narrowed over time but has by no means disappeared; white students still show the highest achievement in reading. Traditionally, universal education has been seen as a public good that should be provided by governmental institutions. Not all students have an equal risk of dropping out. Argue for or against standardized testing based on the key points attributed to proponents and critics in the text. Today, it is girls who have the least access to education. However, critics charge that standardized tests have become a mandatory curriculum placed into schools without public debate and without any accountability measures of its own. The more education people have, the higher their income, the better their life chances, and the higher their standard of living. There is a 20% repetition rate of pupils in Grade 5 and 50% of Grade 10 pupils fail their exams.

Motivations for homeschooling vary, but may include dissatisfaction with the school environment, religious or moral reasons, or dissatisfaction with the quality of academic instruction provided in local schools.

This clearly means that each individual must be given the opportunity to access the resources that will enable them to achieve their potential. She has been Senior Advisor, Centre for Civil Society, is on the India Advisory Board of STIR Education. This course is designed to give you the ability to build innovative financing strategies that work towards outcomes such as financial inclusion, access to energy and access to education.